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Title: No-till and basin tillage for reducing runoff and sediment yield on centre-pivot irrigated maize in a Mediterranean soil
Authors: Silva, Luis Leopoldo
Marques da Silva, José Rafael
Pisco, António M.V.
Torres, César J.V.
Keywords: Runoff
tillage systems
centre-pivot irrigation
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Abstract: Centre-pivot irrigation systems frequently cause surface runoff and erosion problems. This is more evident in complex topographies and low infiltrability soils. To overcome these problems farmers have tried different tillage systems, attaining different results, depending on soil type and irrigation management. Field tests, using small plots, were carried out in a Mediterranean soil with three different tillage systems: no-till, basin tillage and conventional tillage, as a control practice. Conventional tillage showed the highest runoff values (30 % of collected water depth) with significant differences to no-till (15 %) and basin tillage (2 %). Maximum average values of sediment yields per irrigation event were lower for basin tillage (4.46 kg/ha) and no-till (9.59 kg/ha) compared to conventional tillage (23.45 kg/ha). The no-till system showed higher soil water content along all the irrigation season compared to the other two tillage systems. From a soil and water conservation point of view the basin tillage practice is the best option. But, from an economic point of view the no-till practice can be also a good option in these conditions.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:ERU - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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