Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/20288

Title: Effect of autochthonous starter cultures in the production of "Paio", a traditional Portuguese dry- cured sausage
Authors: Dias, Igor
Laranjo, Marta
Potes, M.E.
Véstia, Joana
Fialho, Rita
Fraqueza, Maria J.
Keywords: Traditional dry-cured sausages
starter cultures
Alentejano pig breed meat
food safety
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Instituto Politécnico de Portalegre
Abstract: Traditional dry-cured sausages are highly appreciated in Mediterranean countries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different starter cultures in the sausages Alentejano pig meat was used to prepare drycured sausages in a local factory. Staphylococcus xylosus, Lactobacillus sakei and a yeast strain were inoculated at a concentration of 106 cfu/g meat batter both in separate and in mixed culture. Three independent batches with two replicates per treatment were produced. Samples were collected throughout the ripening process. pH and aw were determined according to the ISO standards. Microbiological counts of total mesophiles, total psycrotrophs, anaerobes, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), lactic acid bacteria (LAB), enterobacteria, yeasts and moulds and Listeria monocytogenes were done according to the respective ISO standards, as well as detection of Salmonella spp. Biogenic amines quantification was performed by HPLC as described by Roseiro et al. (1). The treatment with L. sakei alone was the most effective in reducing the contamination level both with Salmonella spp. and L. monocytogenes, however this effect seems to be lost in the mixed cultures. The presence of the yeast strain seems to increase the levels of phenylethylamine and histamine. The contents in cadaverine, putrescine and tyramine were generally lower in the inoculated sausages. Regarding tyramine, the treatments with L. sakei showed significantly lower values. No significant differences between treatments were observed for both spermine and spermidine.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/20288
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICAAM - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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