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Title: Tracing acidification induced by Deccan Phase 2 volcanism
Authors: Font, Eric
Ponte, Jorge
Adatte, Thierry
Fantasia, Alicia
Florindo, Fabio
Abrajevitch, Alexandra
Mirao, Jose
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Eric Font, Jorge Ponte, Thierry Adatte, Alicia Fantasia, Fabio Florindo, Alexandra Abrajevitch, José Mirão, Tracing acidification induced by Deccan Phase 2 volcanism, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Volume 441, Part 1, 1 January 2016, Pages 181-197, ISSN 0031-0182,
Abstract: The Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP) was built up by three major phases of eruptions; the most voluminous of which, the Deccan Phase 2, encompassed the Cretaceous–Palaeogene (KT) boundary. Deccan eruptions have been implicated as a contributor to the end-Cretaceous mass extinction, however, mechanism by which volcanic activity affected biota remains poorly understood. We applied a combination of rock magnetic techniques scanning electron microscopy to characterize mineral assemblages of three sections of intertrappean lacustrine sediments from the north-western Maharashtra Deccan Volcanic Provinces. Our results indicate that in sediments deposited during the early stages of the Deccan Phase 2, the Daïwal River and Dhapewada sequences, iron-bearing mineral association is dominated by detrital iron oxides (magnetite and hematite) sourced from the weathering of the surrounding basaltic bedrocks, with minor contribution form authigenic iron sulphides (framboidal pyrite, pyrrhotite and/or greigite). The sediments deposited during the final stages of Phase 2 (the Podgawan sequence) differ significantly in their characteristics. In particular, the Podgawan sediments have 1) very low magnetic susceptibility values, but higher terrigenous fraction (clays and shales) content; 2) more complex assemblage of magnetic minerals, 3) ubiquitous presence of Fe–Ca–Ce vanadates; and 4) unusual lithological variations in the middle part of the section (represented by a charcoal-rich level that is capped by a red clay layer containing fossilized bacterial colonies). We suggest that these unusual characteristics reflect increased acidity in the region during the deposition of the Podgawan sequence, likely due to cumulative effects of volcanic aerosols released during the Deccan Phase 2 eruptions. The combination of these features may be used to recognize episodes of increased acidity in the geological record. Our results also contribute to understanding of local vs. global effects of the Deccan volcanism.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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