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|Title: ||DETECTION OF SPORES AND HYPHAE OF ARTWORKS’ BIODETERIOGENIC FILAMENTOUS FUNGI BY RNA-FISH|
|Authors: ||González-Pérez, Marina|
Charrua Rosmaninho, Teresa
Caldeira, Ana Teresa
|Keywords: ||Filamentous fungi|
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
|Issue Date: ||4-Jan-2017|
|Publisher: ||YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY’S TECHNOPARK COMPANY OF PROMECH TEKNOLOJİ VE BİLİŞİM SİSTEMLERİ SANAYİ LTD. ŞTİ.|
|Citation: ||González Pérez, M.; Charrua Rosmaninho, T.; Pereira, A.; Candeias, A.; Caldeira. A.T.; Detection of spores and hyphae or artworks' biodeteriogenic filamentous fungi by RNA-FISH. Proceedings of the Istanbul International Conference on Progress in Applied Science 2017, 4-6 January, pp.141-146.|
|Abstract: ||Filamentous fungi are a threat to the conservation of Cultural Heritage. Thus, detection and identification of viable filamentous fungi are crucial for applying adequate Safeguard measures.
RNA-FISH protocols have been previously applied with this aim in Cultural Heritage samples. However, only hyphae detection was reported in the literature, even if spores and conidia are not only a potential risk to Cultural Heritage but can also be harmful for the health of visitors, curators and restorers. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate various permeabilizing strategies for their application in the detection of spores/conidia and hyphae of artworks’ biodeteriogenic filamentous fungi by RNA-FISH. Besides of this, the influence of cell aging on the success of the technique and on the development of fungal autofluorescence (that could hamper the RNA-FISH signal detection) were also investigated. Five common biodeteriogenic filamentous fungi species isolated from biodegradated artworks were used as biological model: Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium sp, Fusarium sp, Penicillium sp. and Exophialia sp.
Fungal autofluorescence was only detected in cells harvested from Fusarium sp, and Exophialia sp. old cultures, being aging-dependent. However, it was weak enough to allow autofluorescence/RNA-FISH signals distinction. Thus, autofluorescence was not a limitation for the application of RNA-FISH for detection of the taxa investigated.
All the permeabilization strategies tested allowed to detect fungal cells from young cultures by RNA-FISH. However, only the combination of paraformaldehyde with Triton X-100 allowed the detection of conidia/spores and hyphae of old filamentous fungi. All the permeabilization strategies failed in the Aspergillus niger conidia/spores staining, which are known to be particularly difficult to permeabilize. But, even in spite of this, the application of this permeabilization method increased the analytical potential of RNA FISH in Cultural Heritage biodeterioration. Whereas much work is required to validate this RNA-FISH approach for its application in real samples from Cultural Heritage it could represent an important advance for the detection, not only of hyphae but also of spores and conidia of various filamentous fungi taxa by RNA-FISH.|
|Appears in Collections:||HERCULES - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings|
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