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Title: Tecnologia GNSS de baixo custo na monitorização de ovinos em pastoreio
Other Titles: Low-cost GNSS technology for monitoring grazing sheep
Authors: Sales-Baptista, Elvira
Ferraz-de-Oliveira, Maria Isabel
Brandão dos Santos, Margarida
Lopes de Castro, José António
Pereira, Alfredo
Marques da Silva, José R.
Serrano, João
Keywords: comportamento de pastoreio
maneio de pastagens
pecuária de precisão
rastreamento de animais
recetores de GPS
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Extensive livestock production is supported by natural and biodiverse pastures, characterized by marked seasonal variation of biomass, plant species and growth stage. The use of the food resources and the occupation of grazing space can be very heterogeneous in such conditions due to ruminants grazing behaviour. Successful grazing and pasture management requires an understanding of the adjustment mechanisms behind the grazing behaviour that enables adaptation to grazing conditions. Use of GNSS technology allows a quick and effective grazing data collection which is, however expensive, limiting its application to research purposes. This paper reviews the principles for the application of GNSS technology and evaluates the use of inexpensive commercial GNSS receivers (commercial of the shelf - COTS: CatTrackTM”). Six receivers were used for six data collection period over two months of continuous grazing on a natural pasture. The measured static and dynamic accuracy of the receivers is 14m and 40m, respectively. The precision was 3m and the reliability 80%. The tested equipment allows the differentiation between animal activities (grazing, resting and transit). It also determines sheep locations, allowing the characterization of patterns, pathways and preferred areas. It is concluded that the COTS equipment has a high quality / price ratio, so it can become an important support decision tool essential to a more precise pasture management.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Nacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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