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Title: Territorialisation and power in Portuguese America. The creation of comarcas (16th-18th centuries)
Other Titles: Territorialização e poder na América portuguesa. A criação de comarcas, séculos XVI-XVIII
Authors: Cunha, Mafalda Soares da
Nunes, António Castro
Keywords: História Institucional
América Portuguesa
História Moderna
Sistema judiciário
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Tempo. Revista de História, vol. 22, nº 39
Citation: Cunha, Mafalda Soares da; Nunes, António Castro. “Territorialisation and power in Portuguese America. The creation of comarcas (16th-18th centuries)”. Tempo. Revista de História, vol. 22, nº 39, jan-abr 2016, pp. 1-30
Abstract: The general aim of this article is to analyse the political organisation of the territory in Portuguese America from the start of the building up of the Crown judiciary system from in the 16th to the 18th centuries and to look into the causes of its belatedness in comparison to what happened in Spanish America. The focus will however be on the comarcas through the reconstitution of the process leading to the setting up of these judiciary divisions. Four stages of this process will be identified and discussion will ensue over the social and political contexts in which these political and administrative novelties came to happen. It is claimed that the delay in the structuring of the judicial network in the States of Brazil and Maranhão stems from the fact that the Portuguese advance into the territories took place at a later stage. The comparisons between the two systems will also bring other differences to the fore, not least the greater rigidity of the Spanish model in contrast to the more experimental character of the Portuguese one, and the resilience found to exist in the donatarial system. It is also worth to point out that given solutions were the result of the will of central power as much as of local initiative, and it is suggested that the building up of the crown’s political apparatus (in which the judiciary network is included) brought about the connivance,albeit ephemeral, of social interests which are considered contradictory or irreconcilable by some authors.
ISSN: 1980-542X
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
CIDEHUS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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