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|Tracing the geodymamic evolution of the North Gondwana
Pereira, M. Francisco
|Pliocene–Pleistocene sand of the Alvalade basin was sampled from the sea-cliffs of SW Iberia
close to Cape Sines for a provenance study using LA-ICPMS U-Pb dating of detrital zircons.
The results are used to compare age distributions and to trace potential source areas based
on existing knowledge of zircon-forming events in the pre-Cenozoic basement of SW Iberia.
The 492 U-Pb ages obtained span a wide interval ranging from Cretaceous to Archean, with
predominance of Paleozoic (31–71%; mainly Carboniferous), Neoproterozoic (19–20%;
mainly Cryogenian–Ediacaran) and Cretaceous (21–39%). Two important features were
noted: i) Carboniferous ages younger than ~ 315 Ma infrequent or absent in SW Iberia, and
ii) Cretaceous ages are interpreted to indicate a Sines massif provenance. The data obtained
confirm previous studies that indicate a sediment source in the Paleozoic basement of SW
Iberia (Ossa-Morena and South Portuguese zones) but also suggest a more complex history
of drainage than previously documented, involving other sources located to the north. The
detrital zircons age populations also enable recognition of previously undocumented sources
of Pliocene–Pleistocene sands and decipher their paleotectonic meaning: i) Neoproterozoic to
Early Paleozoic meta-sedimentary and meta-igneous rocks of the Ossa-Morena and Central-
Iberian zones formed in North Gondwana during the Cadomian orogeny and opening of the
Rheic Ocean, and ii) Devonian to Carboniferous sedimentary and igneous rocks of the Ossa-
Morena, Central Iberian, and South Portuguese zones formed when Gondwana and Laurussia
collided (Variscan orogeny).
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|GEO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
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