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Title: Comparison of cadmium-induced oxidative stress in Brassica juncea in soil and hydroponic cultures
Authors: Armas, Teresa
Pinto, Ana Paula
de Varennes, Amarilis
Mourato, Manuel Pedro
Martins, Luisa Louro
Gonçalves, Maria de Lurdes Simões
Mota, Ana Maria
Editors: Lambers, Hans
Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes
Lipid peroxidation
Oxidative stress
Brassica juncea
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Abstract Aims The objective of this study was to investigate the response of Brassica juncea in the presence of Cd, in hydroponic and soil experiments, and to conclude about common and divergent trends in both cultures. Methods We studied the effect of Cd on growth, oxidative damage and antioxidant responses in roots and shoots of B. juncea grown in soil and hydroponic cultures, using typical time-scales for each one. Major ROS-scavenging enzymes such as catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and guaiacol peroxidase were evaluated, as well as lipid peroxidation. Results Small Cd concentrations in the plant led to enhanced plant growth, while large Cd concentrations impaired growth. The increase in lipid peroxidation observed in the presence of Cd was always greater in shoots than in roots. The physiological response to enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species in the presence of Cd included an increase in guaiacol peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase and catalase activities, but those enzymes were not always enhanced in a similar manner in both cultures. Conclusions The main factors responsible for the differences between the experiments in soil and nutrient solution, were the different Cd content in the plant tissues and the different time-scale of the experiments.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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