Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Applied Geography|
|Authors: ||Alcoforado, Maria João|
Garcia, Ricardo A. C
Nunes, Maria Fatima
|Editors: ||Elsevier Ltd|
|Keywords: ||Climate change|
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Ltd.|
|Citation: ||Alcoforado, Maria João, Marques, D., Garcia, R. A. C., Canario, P. , Nunes, M. F., Nogueira, H., Cravosa, A., «Weather and climate versus mortality in Lisbon (Portugal) since the 19th century», Applied Geography 57 (2015) 133e141|
|Abstract: ||A renewed interest on the impacts of climate change has spurred several studies on climate/health relationships.
This study aims to detect and explain any changes in the relationships between climate and
mortality in Lisbon from 1835 until 2012. The evaluation of mortality seasonal rhythms over time is
based on the 100-Index per decades, annual Winter-Summer ratio, as well as other descriptive statistics.
A change in the seasonal rhythm of mortality over the last 177 years was found. In the mid-19th century
mortality peaked in summer, whereas in the 1890s and the 1900s there was slight monthly variability.
On the contrary, a winter maximum has occurred since the 1940s, although a secondary summer peak of
mortality may emerge during the most severe heat-waves. Although long term positive temperature
trends were confirmed, no systematic positive mortality trends were found in the last three decades. The
results suggest that mortality rhythm changes during the 19th and 20th century are not directly related
to climatic reasons alone (except in the case of extreme weather events), but rather to improvements in
hygienic, sanitary and nutrition conditions and advances in medicine. However, given the possible increase
of summer heat waves in the future, and individuals increasing vulnerability, particularly in urban
areas, such secondary peaks of mortality will tend to happen more frequently, unless adaptation of
populations to hotter conditions takes place and/or measures are taken to protect people from high
|Appears in Collections:||CEHFC - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.